[Photo of Matthew] Professor Matthew England
Climate Change Research Centre (CCRC)
Faculty of Science
The University of New South Wales
Sydney NSW 2052 Australia

M.Englandunsw.edu.au

RESEARCH INTERESTS

My principal research interests relate to the global-scale ocean circulation and its influence on regional climate. This involves research projects in the fields of large-scale physical oceanography, ocean modelling, and climate processes, with a particular focus on the Southern Hemisphere. Using ocean and coupled climate models in combination with observations, I study what controls ocean currents and how these currents affect climate and climate variability on time-scales of seasons to centuries. Below is a schematic diagram depicting some of the major highlights and geographic areas of interest in my research programs.

Specific research interests include the following:-
  • Large-scale physical oceanography, ocean/climate modelling, and climate processes.
  • The circulation and variability of the Southern Ocean and its role in regional climate patterns.
  • Parameterisation of mixing in ocean models. Oceanic transport of heat and freshwater.
  • Global-scale water-mass formation: mechanisms, variability and stability.
  • The ocean's thermohaline circulation, stability, and feedback to the atmosphere.
  • Ocean uptake of carbon dioxide and other atmospheric gases.
  • Modelling water-mass formation, ocean tracer transport and biogeochemistry.
  • The role of ocean gateways on global climate. Paleoclimate modelling.
  • Ocean processes in bays and harbours, including flushing rates and offshore exchange.
  • Ocean advection and mixing of biota and pathways of species transfer.

  • RECENT PROJECTS

    Three recent research programs are profiled in more detail below:-

    1. A high-resolution global ocean tracer transport model for oceanographic, biological and environmental problems

    2. Water-mass variability in the Southern Ocean: separating natural fluctuations from long-term change

    3. Interannual rainfall extremes over southwest Western Australia linked to Indian Ocean climate variability


    [schematic diagram of study regions]